Azerbaijan is a young and diverse country in many ways, from the warmth of its people to its biodiversity and cultural heritage. A land of plentiful natural resources, centuries-old culture and deeply-engrained hospitality, Azerbaijan has always played a vital role in the Caucasus regions. The country unites Eastern Europe and Western Asia, sharing its borders with its neighbors Iran and Turkey to the south, Russia to the north, Armenia to the west, and Georgia to the north-west.
Azerbaijan has hosted lots of international and regional competitions, big events. Baku 2015 first European Games was the biggest multisport event that Azerbaijan hosted. This was a great legacy and experience in order to organize the Baku 2017 ISG. Its past experience of hosting international events includes the Chess World Cup 2015, 2012 FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup, and the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest in Baku.
In 2016 Baku will host the 42nd Chess Olympiad organized by FIDE. Formula 1 European Grand Prix will be held in Baku on July, 2016. In 2020 Baku will host quarter finals of European Football Championship and the three group matches.
Azerbaijan is the largest and most populated region in the South Caucasus, and is roughly the size of Austria. Azerbaijani is the official state language, but many locals speak Russian and English, especially in the cities. In July 2013, the population totaled 9.4 million with around 50% under 30 years of age.
Azerbaijan enjoys a booming economy that achieved the second highest GDP growth in the world between 2000 and 2010. The boom is mainly driven by the rich oil and gas resources but a strong maritime tradition also exists thanks to its 456-kilometre long coastal border along the Caspian Sea. The economy is additionally supported by growing agriculture and tourism sectors.
>Azerbaijan is situated on the northern extremity of the subtropical zone, south-eastern Caucasus and north-western part of Iran plateau. Its climatic diversity is caused by the varied geographical location and landscape, the proximity of the Caspian Sea, the effect of sun’s radiation and air masses of different origin. Nine of 11 climatic zones of our planet are in the territory of Azerbaijan, from subtropics to Alpine mountains.
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